Modern Developments Of Robots


The modern developments of robots are considered to be started when a craftsman in Japan named as Hisashige Tanaka, also famous as Japan's Edison or Karakuri Giemon, made an array of very complicated mechanical toys which performed several different things. These complex mechanical toys used to serve tea, painted a Japanese kanji character, fired arrows drawn from a quiver.


Other important Modern developments of real robots included a radio-controlled torpedo which was shown by Nikola Tesla in 1898 to the common public. Later on using patents for teleautomation as a base, he wanted to develop it further into a weapon system for the US Navy.


The real modern developments in robots started with the creation of first ever working robot called as Televox in 1926. It was the first ever robot which was assigned some work and it was invented by the Westinghouse Electric Corporation.

This led to the creation of various other modern developments of robots with a large number of other simple robots. A robot named as Rastus was created in the crude image of a black man. In the year 1930s, they invented another  humanoid robot named as Elektro. It was meant only for exhibition purposes and was in the 1939 and 1940 World's Fairs.


In 1928, Japan came with its first modern developments of real robots by creating a robot named as Gakutensoku. It was a work of Japanese biologist Makoto Nishimura.


The first electronic autonomous robots which were invented by William Grey Walter of the Burden Neurological Institute at Bristol, England in 1948 and 1949 started the modern developments in robots in the United Kingdom. These two robots were called by the names of Elmer and Elsie. These robots were mainly able to sense light and were able to form a contact with external objects, using these stimuli to navigate further.


Thenin 1954, there occurred in the history of robots which is considered as the true modern developments of robots which is the creation of digitally operated and programmable robot. It was created by George Devol and was named as Unimate. It was the first ever robot which could be rightly termed as a modern robot. Devol later sold his creation to General Motors in 1960, and it was put to work 1961 in a plant in Trenton, New Jersey to lift hot pieces of metal from a die casting machine and stack them.